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Monday, August 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Retrieving semantically distant analogies found in the catalog.

Retrieving semantically distant analogies

Michael Wolverton

Retrieving semantically distant analogies

by Michael Wolverton

  • 118 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Computer Science, Stanford University in Stanford, Calif .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Expert systems (Computer science),
  • Electronic information resource searching.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Michael Wolverton.
    SeriesReport ;, no. STAN-CS-TR-94-1515, Report (Stanford University. Computer Science Dept.) ;, no. STAN-CS-TR-94-1515.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQA76.76.E95 W66 1994
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 109 p. ;
    Number of Pages109
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL828034M
    LC Control Number95101191

      Analogy is the very important section of competitive exams. Here given 50 questions with explained answers from recent exams. (Q.1 – 50)Choose the correct option from the given choices. You have to find out the pair that. Activity Monitoring and Summarization for an Intelligent Meeting Room - Intelligent meeting rooms should support efficient and effective interactions among its occupants. In this paper, we present our efforts toward building intelligent environments using multimodal sensor network of static cameras, active (pan/tilt/zoom) cameras and microphone arrays.

    Best teaching practices - Using Analogies: To be effective, analogies must be familiar to students, and their features/functions must be congruent with those of the target. Once a suitable analogy is found, considerable time must be spent by students in discussion of similarities between the analogy . Wolverton, M. & Hayes-Roth, B. Retrieving Semantically Distant Analogies with Knowledge-Directed Spreading Activation. Seattle, Washington, KSL Hayes-Roth, B. & Larsson, J. E. A Domain-Specific Software Architecture for a Class of Intelligent Patient Monitoring Agents. KSL Washington, R. Abstraction Planning in Real Time.

    Beginning with the basic fundamentals of understanding analogies, each book builds on previous editions—reviewing and introducing new analogy types and more advanced categories. Each book can be used independently of the others. Teacher Guides. Include complete answer keys and extension activities for individual or small-group learning. kind of analogy in that the source and tar-get domains are always semantically distant (Gentner, ; Gentner, Falkenhainer, & Skorstad, ), and the two domains are often blended rather than simply mapped (e.g., in “the idea blossomed,” the target is directly described in terms of an action term derived from the source). In addition.


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Retrieving semantically distant analogies by Michael Wolverton Download PDF EPUB FB2

A process of identifying terms or sets of terms in target domains having functional relationships (roles) analogous to terms (contained in the query) selected from a source domain whereby queryrelevant but semantically distant (novel) analogies may be retrieved, corresponding to any user defined query.

The process is capable of discovering deep functional analogies between terms in source and Cited by: Retrieving Semantically Distant Analogies with Knowledge-Directed Spreading Activation by Michael Wolverton and Barbara Hayes-Roth appears in Proceedings of the Twelfth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), Seattle, WA, KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS LABORATORY Department of Computer Science Stanford University Stanford, California.

Techniques that traditionally have been useful for retrieving same-domain analogies from small single-use knowledge bases, such as spreading activation and indexing on selected features, are inadequate for retrieving cross-domain analogies from large multi-use knowledge bases.

In this paper, we describe Knowledge-Directed Spreading Activation (KDSA), a new method for retrieving analogies in a. In particular, analogies with a high degree of surface similarity seem unlikely to be useful in pro- ducing novel inventions.

These two characteristics provide reasons that exist- ing approaches to analogy retrieval are inappropriate for retrieving semantically distant analogies. Most ex. Retrieving Semantically Distant Analogies with Knowledge-Directed Spreading Activation. By By Michael Wolverton, Michael Wolverton, Michael Wolverton and Barbara Hayes-roth and Barbara Hayes-roth.

Abstract. Techniques that traditionally have been useful for retrieving same-domain analogies from small single-use knowledge bases, such as.

Method for retrieving semantically distant analogies. United States Patent Abstract: A process of identifying terms or sets of terms in target domains having functional relationships (roles) analogous to terms (contained in the query) selected from a source domain whereby queryrelevant but semantically distant (novel) analogies may.

This paper reports on one such analysis, a comparison of retrieval by marker passing or spreading activation in a semantic network with Knowledge-Directed Spreading Activation, a method developed to be well-suited for retrieving semantically distant analogues from a large knowledge base. The analysis has two complementary components: (1) a.

Analogy is an important reasoning process in creative design. It enables the generation of new design artifacts using ideas from semantically distant domains. Candidate selection is a crucial process in the generation of creative analogies.

Without a good set of candidate sources, the success of subsequent phases can be compromised. Crean and O'Donoghue [14] proposed a RADAR model for analogy retrieval based on the ''derived attributes" technique, which was able to retrieve both semantically related and unrelated domains.

The use of an analogy from a semantically distant domain to guide the problemsolving process was investigated. The representation of analogy in memory and processes involved in the use of analogies were discussed theoretically and explored in five experiments.

Subjects were able to retrieve the story from memory and use it to generate an. Think Analogies, Level B, Book 1: Learning to Connect Words & Relationships, Grades by Cheryl Block | Dec 1, out of 5 stars Paperback $ $ Get it as soon as Tue, Jul 7. Only 17 left in stock - order soon.

More Buying Choices $ (39 used & new offers). Upon generating candidate analogies via any combination of such mechanisms, the proportion of close vs. distant analogies that people produce in naturalistic settings can also reflect a conscious editing of one type of analogies in favor of the other type, depending on the purpose of the reasoner (Trench et al., b).

Wolverton, M., and Hayes-Roth, B. Retrieving Semantically Distant Analogies with Knowledge-Directed Spreading Activation. In Proceedings of the 12th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 56– Menlo Park, Calif.: AAAI onal Conference on.

Our model performs a single retrieval process for each presented target, in contrast to the iterative retrieval and spreading activation phases employed by KDSA to retrieve semantically distant. Wolverton M and Hayes-Roth B Retrieving semantically distant analogies with knowledge-directed spreading activation Proceedings of the Twelfth AAAI National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, () The book casts no new light on the traditional problem of induction.

The expertise of the analogizers. Shortly after having documented that journalists and politicians generated mostly distant analogies when arguing for (or against) the referendum on the independence of Quebec, Blanchette and Dunbar obtained an in vitro replication of this result with novice participants generating their own analogies for another realistic political topic: the zero-deficit.

Analogies may arise from the conscious detection of similarities between a present and a past situation. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we tested whether young volunteers would detect analogies unconsciously between a current supraliminal (visible) and a past subliminal (invisible) situation.

The subliminal encoding of the past situation precludes awareness of analogy. Welcome to Word Analogy Questions!This book is designed to help you prepare for the verbal and reasoning sections of many assessment and entrance exams.

By completing the exercises in this book, you will develop the skills necessary to tackle each type of analogy question. Many standardized tests—including high school entrance exams. The success of a case-based reasoning system depends critically on the performance of the retrieval algorithm used and, specifically, on its efficiency, competence, and quality characteristics.

In this paper we describe a novel retrieval technique that is guided by a model of case competence and that, as a result, benefits from superior efficiency, competence and quality features.

(, a) found that distant analogies did not play a significant part in discovery. Dunbar divided analogies into local, regional, and distant and found that distant analogies were very rare, in comparison with local and regional analogies.

So, it is unknown whether real -world designers use mainly within -domain or between -domain analogies. Abstract: The use of an analogy from a semantically distant domain to guide the problemsolving process was investigated.

The representation of analogy in memory and processes involved in the use of analogies were discussed theoretically and explored in five experiments.- Explore Yasmin Reyes's board "Reading - Analogies", followed by people on Pinterest.

See more ideas about Analogy, Teaching reading, Teaching pins.Introduction. We pull up analogies to make inventions, solve problems, and plan and adapt our behavior in new situations. The detection of analogies assumes a source situation that is remembered and a present situation that is interpreted in light of the source situation (Gentner, ).For example, bodily and facial cues of a young couple flirting might suddenly remind us of an episode at a.